Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that leads to significant shifts in mood, energy, and ability to carry out daily tasks. According to the DSM-5, these mood swings, known as episodes, can range from manic highs to depressive lows.
During a manic episode, an individual might feel elated, full of energy, and impulsive. They may have racing thoughts and take on multiple projects at once, often with little need for sleep. Conversely, during a depressive episode, they may experience feelings of sadness, hopelessness, lack of energy, and have trouble performing routine tasks.
There are different types of bipolar disorder, including Bipolar I disorder (marked by at least one manic episode), Bipolar II disorder (characterized by hypomanic and depressive episodes), and Cyclothymic disorder (periods of hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms lasting for at least two years).
Bipolar disorder affects people of all genders, races, and socioeconomic statuses. Early intervention and treatment are key to managing this lifelong condition.
Extreme Mood Swings: If you're experiencing episodes of emotional highs (manic or hypomanic episodes) and lows (depressive episodes).
Risk-taking Behaviour: Engaging in impulsive, high-risk behaviour, like overspending, risky sexual behaviour, or making rash decisions about jobs or relationships during a manic episode.
Thoughts of Self-harm or Suicide: These thoughts are a serious sign of a depressive episode and require immediate help.
Difficulty in Day-to-Day Life: You're unable to function in your job, maintain relationships, or take care of your basic needs.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, but it can be effectively managed with the right treatment plan. This typically includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy or talk therapy provides support, education, and guidance to individuals with bipolar disorder and their families. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT), and Family-Focused Therapy (FFT) have been found effective.
In some cases, lifestyle management is also crucial. Regular sleep, a healthy diet, routine exercise, and avoidance of mood-altering substances can help manage symptoms.
If you or a loved one are struggling with bipolar disorder, remember that you're not alone and help is available. Our team of compassionate and professional psychologists is here to guide you through the emotional waves. Contact us today and take the first step towards managing bipolar disorder effectively. You have the strength, and we have the tools and expertise to help. Reach out today and start your journey to stability and balance.