Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a psychological condition characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life. It is estimated to affect approximately 5% of children and 2.5% of adults globally, according to the World Health Organization.
Despite common misconceptions, ADHD is not just a childhood condition. Many adults continue to struggle with symptoms, which can manifest differently compared to childhood presentations. Adults with ADHD often struggle with time management, organizational skills, goal setting, and employment performance, and may experience feelings of restlessness.
ADHD is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) under three primary presentations: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined presentation. The inattentive type often exhibits difficulties maintaining focus, forgetfulness, and disorganization. Hyperactive-impulsive type, on the other hand, may show signs of constant movement, impulsive behaviours, and impatience.
It's essential to understand that ADHD is not the result of laziness, moral failure, or wilful defiance. Rather, it is a neurodevelopmental disorder with biological origins that influence neurotransmitter pathways in the brain.
Persistent Challenges in Daily Functioning: If you're struggling with daily tasks, like managing work responsibilities, organizing home duties, maintaining relationships, or if these challenges persist over time, it may be a sign you need professional help.
Impairment in Multiple Settings: ADHD impacts various areas of life. If difficulties arise in several areas such as work, home, and social interactions, it's advisable to seek assistance.
Long-standing Patterns of Inattention, Hyperactivity, or Impulsivity: One of the hallmarks of ADHD is the chronic nature of symptoms. If you notice continuous patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity, it's time to consult a professional.
Inconsistencies in Performance: If you or your child shows variable performance, like having fluctuating grades or inconsistent work performance, you may benefit from an evaluation for ADHD.
Coexisting Conditions: ADHD often coexists with other psychological conditions like anxiety, depression, and learning disorders. If you're dealing with such issues, consider seeking help.
Psychologists play a crucial role in diagnosing and managing ADHD. Comprehensive assessment and diagnosis involve understanding the individual's history, current symptoms, and the impact of these symptoms on their daily life.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an effective intervention that helps individuals develop practical skills for managing ADHD symptoms. CBT strategies might include planning and organization tools, strategies to enhance focus, and ways to manage impulsive behaviors.
Behavioral parent training and behavioral classroom management are beneficial for children with ADHD. These methods teach parents and teachers strategies to support and reinforce desirable behaviors in children.
Medication is another recommended treatment, often used in combination with psychological interventions. Psychologists can work closely with psychiatrists and other medical professionals to monitor the medication's effectiveness and manage any potential side effects.
If you recognize any of the signs mentioned above in your life or a loved one's, we encourage you to reach out. Our team of highly skilled and experienced psychologists are here to provide support and guidance. No struggle is too great or too small. Call us today and take the first step towards a more focused, organized, and fulfilling life. You deserve it!